How to compost at home for beginners

worms for compost

Composting Bin For Beginners

With the frightening news about genetically modified crops and health problems, it is best to keep chemicals out of your food. You should

start making your own compost for this.

Here are some more reasons why it is critical:

– Enhances soil quality

– It reduces greenhouse gas emissions.

– Recycles important nutrients

– Reduces the use of synthetic fertilizers

– It saves money.

You can start your own compost bin in no time by combining food scraps like fruit peels and egg shells with garden waste. This compost will not only help you get rid of kitchen waste, but it will also enrich the garden soil.

What to Do First

Choose a location for your compost bin. This should be a location that is not overly exposed to the sun and has good drainage.

What is thrown away?

Your compost bin will contain a mix of green and brown ingredients, as well as oxygen and water. Don’t be concerned. These are ingredients that you probably already have on hand.

Green ingredients include kitchen scraps, green leaves, fresh lawn clippings, and weeds.

They are damp and provide nitrogen to your compost. Fall leaves, branches, twigs, and hedge clippings, on the other hand, are required for the brown ingredients. They are dry and add carbon to your compost pile.

Your green and brown ingredients should be balanced in proportion.

Too much of one ingredient can reduce the effectiveness of another. Cut these ingredients into small chunks to expedite the process. The

smaller the particle size, the faster your compost will be ready.

And how do you get oxygen into the bin? By frequently tossing and turning the contents. You’ll

also need water to keep the compost moist. But don’t go overboard.

Finally, to invite microorganisms, add soil to your mixture. Microorganisms will aid in the

breakdown of compost material. Worms can also be purchased at your local gardening store.

Don’t be afraid. They don’t sting.


Compost Bin Preparation


Now that you’ve gathered all of the necessary ingredients, it’s time to prepare your compost bin. Fill in the bottom layer with twigs. Distribute them at random.

Do not overdo it. You must leave enough space for drainage and oxygen.

Pour a little water on top.

Add garden clippings and kitchen scraps next. Spray some more water. Combine the green and brown ingredients on top of the green. Once more, add water. The contents must remain moist at all times.

Repeat the process until only a small amount of space remains in the compost bin. Fill in the gaps with soil.

Cover the bin to keep it moist and the odor from spreading throughout the house. If the compost smells too strongly, add more brown ingredients and examine the drainage.

Your enriched compost will be ready in 6 to 6 months. If it takes longer, you may need to increase the green ingredients and add more water. Remember to toss and turn the mixture in between. You’re well on your way to having a healthy garden.

Types of Composting

Backyard compost bins can be a rewarding and purpose-driven hobby for avid backyard gardeners! Many gardeners who compost reap the greatest benefits for their gardens, whether they grow vegetables, herbs, or flowers.

Your plants will grow faster and healthier as a result of the rich soil you eventually produce.

It may take a few months for the composting process to begin, but once it does, you simply continue to add kitchen and yard waste to keep the cycle going. If you want to start your own backyard compost bins, you’ll need a few table scraps and the proper containment, planting in garden but there are several options.


You can make bins out of common household materials and use common ingredients to fill them, such as kitchen scraps, lawn leaves and grass clippings, and small branches or twigs, which provide the most fertile material for your backyard compost bins.

To begin, any organic material that can be broken down by decay is required. Backyard compost bins are a simple way to turn your household waste into something useful.

Moisture, air, and organic matter are required, as well as sometimes, to form the bacteria and organisms needed to break down the materials. To get started with backyard compost bins, you must occasionally stir the pile. Make sure they are sufficiently far away from your home to avoid unpleasant odors! There are several kinds of backyard compost bins to think about:

• Low-maintenance holding units are ideal for those who do not have enough space in their backyard for larger compost bins. They are smaller, self-contained units that you can buy and place on your deck. The main disadvantage is that the composting process takes longer to break down the matter. You can expect them to last anywhere from 6 months to 2 years, owing to the lack of aeration of a larger outdoor pile.

• Portable bins may be the solution for people who need portability because they rent their homes or apartment. They are similar to holding unit-style bins in that they can be disassembled and moved, making them portable. This compost can be stirred to allow for faster breakdown.

• Turning units provide aeration and have a lower odor problem. These backyard compost bins or structures are more expensive because they rotate, but some people build their own.

• Making your own backyard compost bins with natural features, such as trenches or a sunken area for heaps, where you throw materials and stir with a rake, for aeration, can be simple. Sheet composting can be done in the fall by spreading your leaves over your garden area, and they will be decomposed enough to work into your soil by spring.

Composting Process

Compost is a collection of various decomposed organic materials, such as grass clippings, tiny branches, leaves, and organic kitchen waste. Numerous individuals compost in order to make use of the available organic material on their property and within their own homes.

This enables composters to utilize the nutrient-rich muck created, which is extremely beneficial to garden soil.

As a matter of fact, dedicated gardeners view compost as the “black gold” of garden fertilizers. The end result of the composting process is a lovely, mineral- and nutrient-rich material that is ideal for promoting the lush, healthy growth of new plants.

The final product of composting is a nutrient-dense organic substance that is compatible with and beneficial for practically all soil types.

When compost is put into clay soil, it becomes more manageable and can host a greater range of plants. When dealing with sandy soil, the use of compost improves the soil’s ability to retain moisture.

Four distinct components are necessary to generate a mixture that will give the desired advantages during the composting process.

These four essential components are organic matter, the proper amount of moisture, adequate oxygen, and microorganisms.

Compostable organic materials include diverse plant materials, food waste, and certain types of animal dung. A high-quality compost should contain both brown and green organic matter.

Included in the brown organic waste are dead leaves, twigs, and manure. The green stuff will consist of grass clippings, hedge trimmings, coffee grounds, fruit rinds, and vegetable trash, among other things.


compost in bin The brown components contribute carbon to the mixture, whilst the green materials contribute nitrogen.

It is optimal to maintain a one-to-one ratio of brown material to green material in order to generate the best final compost.

If your compost pile consists of more brown than green material, you can add a spoonful of 10-10-10 fertilizer. This will contribute to nitrogen and accelerate the decomposition process.

Shredding, chopping, or mowing the available materials into smaller pieces might be useful at times. This will aid in accelerating the composting process, as the smaller the material pieces, the bigger their surface area.

Important to a successful composting process are the right levels of moisture. The compost pile should have roughly the same amount of moisture as a sponge that has been manually wrung out.

When the compost pile is excessively dry, decomposition is slowed. During dry weather or after a large amount of brown material has been added, you can simply add water to the pile to keep the process moving ahead.

If the compost becomes too wet, simply dig in and turn the pile to distribute the moisture and mix the components. You can also add some very dry brown organic elements to help achieve equilibrium.

A sufficient amount of oxygen is also required for breakdown. Oxygen facilitates the decomposition of organic substances by microorganisms. To provide oxygen to the compost pile, it is sufficient to stir the compost so that the materials at the pile’s edges are pushed to the center. This also helps to prevent the development of smells. The pile should be rotated approximately every two weeks for optimal effects.

Bacteria and other microbes perform the majority of the work throughout the composting process. With the other necessary components in place, bacteria can begin to decompose organic materials into compost that will benefit the organic garden.

When the composting cycle has transformed the organic waste into nutrient-rich muck, you will be able to effortlessly incorporate it into your garden soil.

When preparing your soil for spring planting, just cover the ground with 3 to 4 inches of compost and then work it into the soil well. In no time, you will begin to observe a thriving and healthy garden.

What is a worm composter?

Worms are more valuable than “black gold.” I didn’t think that when I was a kid and had to thread those wiggly little things onto a fishing hook.

I’d use a stick or whatever I could find to try to get that creepy crawlies to wrap themselves around the hook.

Even if I was successful, the worm would fly through the air with ease as soon as I dropped the hook into the water, and some lucky fish would get a free meal. As for me, I had to begin the arduous process all over again. But I’m digressing.

Worms, as I previously stated, are worth their weight in “black gold.” Worm castings are one of the most effective fertilizers for plants and flowers. Furthermore, the worms do all of the work. All you have to do is give them a warm place to live and feed them.

The home, also known as a worm composter, is typically a stacked system comprised of three to four trays with screened bottoms. Make a plush bed for the worms out of shredded newspaper,composting with worms straw, or dry grass, and place it in the first (bottom) tray. Before adding newspaper or other paper products to the tray, soak them in water for at least twelve hours and squeeze out the excess water.

Worms have a voracious appetite. They adore any vegetable or fruit scraps. They’ll also be content with bread crumbs, tea bags, and coffee grounds. You can even include some junk mail (but not junk food) and small pieces of cardboard.


Please avoid giving your worms dairy, eggs, or oily foods. They will even consume their own bedding.

When your worms have finished their food and bedding and the first tray is full of valuable castings, replace it with fresh food and bedding. The worms will move to the second tray, and the castings from the first tray can be harvested.

Your bin’s very bottom layer has a solid bottom and may even have a spigot on it. This layer is a “worm tea” collection tray. Moisture seeping down through the castings causes worm tea.

Worm castings are one of the most effective soil conditioners on the market. They are more nutrient-dense than other types of compost and provide a more balanced source of nutrients. Worm castings are a type of organic fertilizer high in bacteria, sulfur, iron, calcium, and magnesium.

They are a great addition to your potting soil or garden. So, what is the best method for obtaining these worm castings? As previously stated, a worm composter is a stacked system designed specifically for this purpose.

A worm composter is much smaller than a regular compost bin. So, even if you live in an apartment or on a patio, you can use a worm composter.

As long as the temperature stays above 40 degrees and below 90 degrees, you can store your bin in a basement, garage, or storage room.

Temperatures between 50 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal because this is when the worms are most active. The worms become less active in cooler temperatures and die if they become too cold.

So, contrary to popular belief, worms are indeed worth their weight in “black gold.” At least, that’s what my flowers and plants think. They express their gratitude by growing large and beautiful.

How To Make Compost From Kitchen Waste (The Easy Way)

A garden is considered incomplete if it does not have a compost pile. And it’s easy to see why when you consider the value of a compost pile.

Compost is in charge of providing microorganisms to the soil, which aid in plant health. It is a fertilizer, mulch, and soil conditioner all rolled into one because it adds nutrients to the soil. When it comes to gardening, compost reigns supreme.

A compost pile, in addition to its numerous benefits, aids in the drainage of clay soils and the retention of water in sandy soils. Furthermore, by recycling yard and kitchen waste, composting can reduce one’s contribution to waste streams, resulting in the world’s best soil amendment. The following is a general step-by-step guide for creating a rich garden compost pile.

To begin, select a suitable location that is out of sight. Choosing a location that is close to one’s kitchen and garden but out of sight creates an air of cleanliness. Compost piles are known to emit foul gases while decomposing, which can be quite unpleasant, especially in a kitchen setting. As a result, it is best to select a location that is away from the kitchen and out of sight.

Purchase a composting bin. While piles of grass clippings, leaves, and other yard waste can be used to make compost, bins make the process more orderly and presentable. Bins simply hold the compost in one location, assisting in the creation of a compost pile. Alternatively, simple wire columns can be used to corral compost for easy stiffening. This, however, is not strictly necessary.

Turning the compost pile is easier with a composting bin. And, by leaving it open, more compost materials can be added as they become available. However, covering the top during inclement weather, i.e. a rainy climate, is required. It is preferable to have a three-bin system that allows you to turn compost from one bin to the next and then store finished compost in the last one when it is ready to use.

Compost is made up of dry leaves and green garden debris; it is, therefore, critical to balance one part green to two parts dry leaf materials. This speeds up the composting process. To help kick-start the microbial activity, add a shovelful of finished compost, then mix and turn to generate significant heat that will create an equal balance in the pile. Turn the compost once a week for the next two months to increase airflow and decomposition rate. And there you have it!

How long does it take to turn kitchen waste into compost?

Decomposition can take anywhere from two weeks to two years, depending on the materials used, the size of the pile, and the frequency with which it is turned. When compost has cooled, turned a rich brown color, and decomposed into small soil-like particles, it is ready.

What types of kitchen waste can they compost?

kitchen composting Coffee grounds and eggshells are great additions to your compost pile because they add essential nutrients to it.

Meat and dairy products, for example, should be avoided because they take a long time to decompose and can attract rodents and other pests to your compost pile.


What are the top three things you should not compost?

DO NOT ADD meat scraps, bones, grease, whole eggs, or dairy products to the compost pile because they decompose slowly, emit odors, and attract rodents. DO NOT ADD PET FECES OR EXPENSIVE CAT LITTER TO THE COMPOST PILE. DO NOT ADD diseased plant material or weed seedlings.



Composting Bin For Beginner 





Hi, I’m Sharon Mastel

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